To demonstrate the ‘Saline Agriculture Technology’ developed at
SARC to the end users, a comprehensive programme of technology transfer is underway. SARC has launched a programme to revegetate salt-affected wastelands around Faisalabad and planted E.camadulensis and Atriplex species. To cultivate wheat in moderately salt-affected soils, seed of salt-tolerant wheat SARC genotypes have been supplied to many farmers in the salt-affected area. Due to these activities, enthusiasm had developed in the disappointed poor farmers of the salt-affec
ted lands. In addition to that other National Research Institutes are using SARC genotypes as tolerant material in their research programmes.
Saline Agriculture Research Centre involved in the activities with farmers like:-
- To guide the farmer for proper plantation and after plantation care.
- To help the sociologists to collect socio-economic data.
- To arrange farmers’ days to provide a chance for the farmers to discuss freely with national and international scientists.
- To select progressive farmers and motivate them to raise nurseries of salt tolerant plants.
- To solve the problems of the salt land users related to the sustainable crop production.
Farmers’ days are organized in collaboration with different organizations and government agencies to motivate and guide the farmers for revegetation of the salt-affected lands. Speeches are made, discussions with the specialists are organized, written extension material is distributed and the farmers are served with a cup of tea. The farmers’ days are proving to be good venues for very frank discussions between farmers and technologists.
To assess the socio-economic impact of salinity and of the introduction of the Saline Agriculture Technology in the areas severely affected by salinity; a comprehensive socio-economic survey to collect baseline data is regular feature of our programmes. On an average, 1/3rd of the total cultivated area of the country and 55% of the total area around Faisalabad district is suffering from high salinity/sodicity hazard. The loss in income to the community of the area because of the problem is estimated at 62% from Faisalabad District. The socio-economic surveys were conducted keeping in view the different angles for policy and management options by interviewing 88 families (men, women and young). The details of the information collected are highly useful in assessing ill effects of salinity on human life and environment and to develop future strategies.
Provision of Planting Material:
Availability of planting material at the right time is a major bottleneck for revegetation of salt affected lands. Therefore, provision of healthy seedlings of Eucalyptus camaldulensis and Atriplex species and seeds of salt tolerant field crops at the farmers’ fields is top priority of SARC.
The SARC staff in collaboration with different government agencies especially, Extension Department is providing all the necessary technical help to the farmers for a successful revegetation programmes for the salt-affected barren lands.
During previous projects, about 120 farmers’ families got benefited by transplanting Eucalyptus, Atriplex and Acacia on their salt-affected wastelands which were out of cultivation since many years. Salt-affected wasteland was utilized by transplanting salt tolerant trees and on 350 acres.